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When gums have receded past the tooth root, you may be required to undergo a type of gum surgery known as gum regeneration to correct it. Gum recession can cause a number of problems, including sensitive teeth and the appearance of elongated teeth. Gum regeneration helps resolve these problems, giving you a beautiful, functional and healthy smile that you can be proud to show off.
There are two types of gum tissue in the mouth: gingiva and gingival mucosa. Gingiva is a tissue that resembles an orange peel and is resolutely attached to the underlying bone. The main function of the gingiva is to form a firm seal around the tooth and act as a barrier from forces, such as chewing and tooth brushing. Gingival mucosa is a more delicate, red, shiny and loose tissue that is not firmly attached to the underlying bone. You can easily see this type of tissue when gently pulling out the lower lip. Here, both types of tissues meet.
Gum recession is when the gingiva is pulled away from the tooth, exposing the tooth root. The result of this is the appearance of elongated teeth and increased sensitivity of the tooth to hot and cold temperatures.
Gum regeneration procedures, such as gingival grafts, are popular procedures that can enhance the amount of tissue around receding gums in order to protect the underlying bone. The gum regeneration process involves taking donor gum tissue – often from the roof of the mouth – and relocating it to the site in need of restoration. Over time the graft integrates with the existing tissue, bolstering the area and stimulating natural tissue growth.
A connective tissue graft is another type of gum regeneration procedure that is similar to gingival graft; however, the difference lies in the fact that a different type of tissue layer is used. The donor tissue is taken from the tissue layer beneath the palate. The incision may be the same, but the type of tissue used is different. This is a much thicker tissue and it contains stronger connective tissues and more blood vessels as compared to the top layer. After taking out the required tissue, the surface is folded back to its original position for the wound to heal.
If you suffer from gum recession, there are a number of gum regeneration procedures that might be beneficial in helping you restore your smile. Contact our office to schedule a consultation with us and get started on your comprehensive treatment plan today!